facts about education in indonesia

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That is why they are categorized as the happiest students. In Indonesia, all citizens must undertake twelve years of compulsory education which consists of six years at elementary level and three each at middle and high school levels. Every student who belongs to any of the five recognized religions (Islam, Catholic Christianity, Protestant Christianity, Buddhism and Hinduism) is entitled to religious instruction in his or her religion (although a minimum number of students is required before instruction in a particular religion is provided). In a survey by the U.S. State Department in 2000, 95 percent of all respondents said schools should provide more religious instruction for children. The uniform is aimed to manage the students so they can tidy up their self well. Textbooks have traditionally been written to engender loyalty to the government and ruling ideology. The primary phase follows on after optional pre-school playgroups that may commence in a child’s third … Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world and has one of the highest literacy rates in Asia (females 93.59% and males 97.17%). The ministry of Education also stated that 4 children dropped out from school every minute in Indonesia. The sovereign archipelago of Indonesia is on track to rapid urbanization; in fact, it is the largest country in Southeast Asia, the world’s third most populous democracy and is ranked 16th in GDP. In Indonesia education is centrally controlled by the ministry of national education. The system is aimed to avoid cheating among the students. Early sex education is a must nowadays. But the ministry’s spokesman, Ibnu Hamad, says the central government does not have powers to intervene. Private universities are generally operated by foundations. Not all people want to know about the education system in Indonesia. Education in Indonesia The New Order Period; Key points of policy in the field of education in the New Order period were directed to create wider learning opportunities and be balanced with the improvement of education quality. Under Suharto, history textbooks didn’t mention anything about the estimated half million people slaughter in 1965. Indonesia’s most fertile land is on the island of Java. In 2002, newly democratic Indonesia inserted into its constitution a requirement that governments at all levels to dedicate at least 20 percent of their budgets to education. Adult literacy rate 90.4 percent in 2009. According to data from Ministry of Education in 2010 access to education in Indonesia still needs attention, more than 1.5 million children each year can not continue school. Hopefully it could help to improve students’ honesty. An amateur content writer. Read also: Education Curicculum in Indonesia; Moral Education in Indonesia; 2. 6 years in primary school and 3 years in junior high school are compulsory. The official age of entry is seven, but many pupils enter at the age of six. This constitutes 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. Education in Indonesia falls under the responsibility of the Ministry of Education and Culture (Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan or Kemdikbud) and the Ministry of Religious Affairs (Kementerian Agama or Kemenag). Education expenditures: 2.8 percent of GDP (2011), country comparison to the world: 143, Literacy (age 15 and over can read and write): total population: 92.8 percent; male: 95.6 percent; female: 90.1 percent (2011 est.). “Jilbab has become a symbol of Muslim girls, who are supposed to look different from non-Muslim girls.” Ms. Retno, the teachers’ union official, says nobody should be prohibited from wearing a head veil but no one should be forced or coerced to wear one either. Lies said. 10 Reasons Why Learn Indonesian is Easier Than... Let’s Know the 4 Oldest Universities in Indonesia, 5 Best Christian Universities in Indonesia. In 1950 there were 10 institutions of higher learning with a total of about 6,500 students. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. This act resulted in the construction or repair of nearly 40,000 primary-school facilities by the late 1980s, and literacy rates improved significantly nationwide. Especially higher education is directed to the target of students who are able to answer the challenge of modernization. Teacher-training programs are varied and gradually being upgraded. From the late 1970s through the l990s, private schools and universities increased in number and quality and served diverse students (including Chinese Indonesians who were not accepted at government universities). This article is written based on keynote presentation of the first author, Ali Nugraha, in the 2011 International Early Childhood Studies Conference: Current Issues in Early Childhood, 11-12 July 2011, in Indonesia University of Education (UPI), Bandung. Only in the last years of colonial rule did the Dutch try to build an educational system. Bandung Institute of Technology (Institut Teknologi Bandung) is the top technical university. “Jilbab has become part of uniform for female public school teachers whom we met.” This is alarming, she said: “If jilbab has become part of the uniform at public schools, then the function of public schools as a place to sow plurality to our children will disappear.” Retno Listyarti, secretary general of the Indonesian Teachers’ Union Federation, put the issue bluntly: “Public schools have become religious schools,” she said. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. There are tropical rainforests and jungles, as well as swampy mangrove areas. [Source: VOA News, July 19, 2011], Indonesia has a twelve-year public and private education system (primary—grades one through six; junior high school—grades seven through nine; and senior high school—grades ten through twelve). There is a tree-dwelling cannibal tribe in West Papua Now, Jakarta is a huge, modern city. Beliefs Indonesia contains the largest Muslim population in the world. These destroyed schools had once … **, Indonesian institutions of higher education offer a wide range of programs. It lies on the northwest coast of Java at the mouth of the Ciliwung (Liwung River), on Jakarta Bay, and is a major trade and financial center. That is why you feel so bored at class. ^+^, “The rise of Islamic practices in public schools, mirroring a rise in fundamentalism across the country, makes parents like Ms. But they are not soldiers; they are educated professionals sent to remote corners of the archipelago to teach as volunteers in some of Indonesia's most impoverished schools. Interesting Facts About Indonesia It was since 2015 the government applied computer based test for national exam. Lies and Mr. Tri Agus say they expect public schools to be neutral and to reflect the multicultural heritage of a country that recognizes six religions. Islamic schools are under the responsibility of the Ministry of Religious Affairs. That is why we would like enlarge the 10 facts about education in Indonesia. Emboldened by decentralization, which began after the fall of the authoritarian regime of former President Suharto in 1998, local politicians have often pushed a populist, religiously inspired agenda, saying that it could counter social problems including teenage pregnancy and drug abuse. Indonesia, officially known as Republic of Indonesia is a country located in the Southeast Asia comprising of 17,508 islands. It is because they want their children to study early. Mr. Tri Agus, a political communications lecturer at a rural-development college whose wife is Catholic, now sends his daughters to a private Catholic primary school. The Portuguese,however, lost their dominance over the region to the Dutch. With over 50 million students and 2.6 million teachers in more than 250,000 schools, it is the third largest education system in the Asia region and the fourth largest in the world (behind only China, India and the United States). Professional schools offer “diploma” and “specialist” degrees, the latter graded either “SP1" or “SP2," depending on the level of advancement. Most religious schools emphasize Islamic values and thought. Higher education offered in 2,975 colleges, universities, and other tertiary institutions, with more than 4.2 million students. *. In the mid 2000s Islamic factions and parties pushed through a national education bill which required schools to provide students with religious teaching according to their faiths. Top 10 Facts About Girls’ Education in Indonesia In Indonesia, students’ enrollment in school seems no longer influenced by gender. All The elements of education are trying to resolve this problem. Not all of students in Indonesia do cheating, but the rate of cheating in Indonesia could be categorized as high. Mass education became a major government priority for the next five decades. In 1973, nearly 20 percent of youth were illiterate. The adoption of international education system made local students more competitive and boosted the quality of the teaching. Such issues “are largely under the jurisdiction of local governments, in the framework of regional autonomy,” he said. In this effort the government has received considerable support from the World Bank, United Nation agencies, foreign governments, and private foundations. Fact 2) […] It is because the ministry of Education was always changed and they found that the curriculum was not effective. Government funding struggled to keep up with rising costs during this period, but by 2002, according to the World Bank, only 2 percent of those between the ages of 15 and 24 could not read, and by 2009, the adult literacy rate was 90.4 percent. Whereas tuition in such state institutions is more affordable for average students than private-university tuition, faculty salaries are low by international standards. It is not necessarily to go to preschool or higher education such as college—it is purely one’s decision and didn’t affect the education system itself. Although he is a Muslim, he said he believed that religion belonged in the private sphere and should not be imposed. [Source: everyculture.com **], The Republic of Indonesia Institute for Higher Education (BPTRI) was founded in Jakarta shortly after independence was declared in 1945. In Indonesia, students mostly learn the exact science at school. *, Some say Indonesia has one of the worst education systems in the world. The system is supervised by the Ministry of National Education (which is responsible for nonreligious, public schools—about 92 percent of total enrollment at the primary level and 44 percent at the secondary level) and the Ministry of Religious Affairs (which is responsible for religious, private, and semiprivate schools—about 15 percent of total enrollment). The children could not continue their study because they could not afford for the cost of education. Education curriculum in Indonesia has been changed several times. Indonesia facts and information including a basic history, maps and photos, statistics about education, religion, culture, and much more. Some schools also require Muslim students to recite verses from the Koran every morning before the lessons begin. The Dutch limited education to an amount needed to fill positions in the civil service and society of the time. [Source: Library of Congress *]. Those are ten facts of Education in Indonesia. 245 million people live in Indonesia, and the majority are Muslims. Revised history textbooks were introduced in 2004. In 2005 the central government launched a massive plan known in English as the School Operation Fund that pumped billions of rupiah directly into schools. According to the International Study Center by Boston College in 2001 the archipelago ranked 34th in 38 countries in math ability among 8th grade and 32nd in science ability. Based on the survey of Human Resource in Indonesia, the percentage of elementary school graduates in Indonesia is 70%, and 22,40%  of them is high school graduates, meanwhile there are just 7,2% of them is a college graduates. Only 7 percent of university faculty overall held a Ph.D. in the mid-2000s, although the proportion was greater (11 percent) in state institutions. As a result of her protest, she said, the order was rescinded — though her teenage daughter decided to wear the head scarf anyway to fit in with her friends. If you are the copyright owner and would like this content removed from factsanddetails.com, please contact me. Because doctoral programs are few in Indonesia and there is little money to support education overseas, this situation is improving only slowly. If no religious instruction is available in accordance with the student’s faith, the student has the right to be excused from religious instruction. Nearly 98 percent of students complete primary school according to United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) estimates in 2001. Due to lack of sex education, then when they are teenagers, they are less able to cope with the growth of their hormones. Education; Entertainment; High-Interest; Religion; Sports; All Interesting Facts; Geography; Asia; Indonesia Facts; 75 Interesting Facts about Indonesia. On this year of 2013, the curriculum will be changed with an integrative thematic concept applied to elementary, junior high, high school, and vocational school. By Jill Bartholomew, Junior Writer. [Source: Yenni Kwok, New York Times, June 15, 2014 ^+^]. Although the academic test shows the bad result for Indonesia, but there is a good news for the mental condition or students Indonesia. After the 1998 Asian crisis crippled the Indonesian economy, schools imposed fees on parents because of a lack of funding. Lies said. The education system pushes the student to study a lot of exact science rather than the practical skill. Indonesia has made great strides in terms of improving its education system during the Reformasi era of democratisation since 1998. It is the 4th most populous country in the world, it is surrounded by Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. At that time, Suharto issued an order to set aside portions of oil revenues for the construction of new primary schools. Special education schools, for the physically and mentally disabled, numbered 1,686, with 73,322 students and 18,047 teachers. The number of primary school students increased from 2 million in 1940 to 8 million in 1961 and the number of secondary school students increased from 25,500 to 700,000. 1. In those years, the head veil “was the case of Islamic schools versus state- owned ones,” said Dewi Candraningrum, editor of the feminist Jurnal Perempuan (Women’s Journal) and author of the book “Negotiating Women’s Veiling.” The Islamic uniform — a long skirt, a long-sleeved shirt and a jilbab for girls — was worn only by students of schools run by Islamic organizations like Muhammadiyah every Friday. A central goal of the national education system is not merely to impart secular wisdom about the world but also to instruct children in the principles of participation in the modern nation-state, its bureaucracies, and its moral and ideological foundations. However, about 52 percent of all non-teacher-training students enrolled in higher education were social sciences majors in the 2008–9 academic year, while only 3 percent majored in laboratory-intensive fields of study, largely because universities prefer to offer social science courses that do not require expensive laboratories and equipment. It shows that 66% of the schools in the remote area lacks of teachers. As of the early 2000s, about 77 percent of the country's workforce had only graduated from elementary school. Ministry of Education in Indonesia expects this system could be an effective way to remove cheating habits in Indonesia. Indonesia consists of hundreds of volcanic islands, making it prone to natural disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes. According to UNICEF, 92.8 percent of girls and 92.7 percent of boys are enrolled in primary school. Published December 2, 2016. 7. Compulsory Education: Presidential Instruction Decree No. The test was done for all of teachers who come from all of regions and level of schools in Indonesia. Many of these institutions' courses are taught in afternoons and evenings by faculty members from government universities who are well paid for their efforts. Students have been political activists from the 1920s to the present. A number of students would rather learn art than study math or physics. Elyazar, Simon I. Hay, and J. Kevin Baird, PMC Apr 13, 2011]. [Source: Yenni Kwok, New York Times, June 15, 2014 ^+^], “About 400 kilometers, or 260 miles, away, in Yogyakarta, central Java, another parent, Tri Agus Susanto Siswowiharjo, says he would like to send his daughters to a public secondary school, but he, too, is worried that they would have to wear Islamic dress. Though, a perfecteducation in Indonesia spent seventeen years to complete—one year in kindergarten, s… There are some 1,634 institutions of higher education, including the University of Indonesia in Jakarta, founded by the Dutch in the 1930s, and Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta, founded by Indonesians in 1946. By 2009 there were 2,975 institutions of higher education and more than 4.2 million students. If you want to know more about education in Indonesia, feel free to see Indonesian Education System . Based on Education Development Index reported by UNESCO in 2011, Indonesia is on the 69th position of its education development. Indonesia is perfectly safe to visit as a tourist, so don’t let these scary Indonesia facts put your trip on hold. Education and Social Welfare. “Wearing a jilbab should be voluntary,” said Ms. Retno, who wears one.” ^+^. Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies). Its beautiful nature and archipelago seems like become the invitation for a people abroad to visit Indonesia. Almost the school in Indonesia has their own school uniform identity (are usually worn in Wednesday and Thursday). Instruction in Confucianism can also be offered as an option in state schools, although Confucianism is not a recognized religion. Questions or comments, e-mail ajhays98@yahoo.com, Education, Health, Energy, Transportation - Education in Indonesia. Jakarta, largest city and capital of Indonesia. >> Basic Data of Indonesia . Tremendous progress was made toward the goal of universal education under Suharto. At the time of formal independence in 1949, the republic had few schools or university faculties. Honesty Canteen, Honesty stall, and honesty corner is now exist at schools. In many remote areas of the Outer Islands, in particular, there is a severe shortage of qualified teachers, and some villages have school buildings but no teachers, books, or supplies. If you want to see more for national exam you could click History of National Exam in Indonesia. 8. In public schools, emphasis on moral and civil studies under the rubric of Pancasila was altered after the end of the New Order. It was founded in Yogyakarta on December 9, 1949, but was giving its first lectures in early 1946 (when Yogyakarta was the Republican capital). Lecturers often have other jobs outside the university to supplement their wages. [Source: Library of Congress *], The character of Indonesia’s education system reflects the country’s diverse religious heritage, its struggle for a national identity, and the challenge of resource allocation in a poor but developing archipelagic nation with a population that is young (median age 27.6 years) and growing (at an estimated annual rate of about 1.1 percent) in 2009. Research in universities is limited and mainly serves government projects or private enterprise and allows researchers to supplement their salaries. You stay at class during 5-7 hours at school and go out for less than forty five minutes of rest time. Under the National Education Law, religious instruction in any one of the six official religions is required when requested by a student. Education in Indonesia is compulsory and provided free of charge at public schools from grades one to nine (six years of elementary education and three years of junior secondary education). They played a major role in the ouster of Suharto in 1998. *. Angel Rabasa of Rand Corporation wrote: “In Indonesia, religious education in state-run schools is multi-religious. Approximately 15 percent of Indonesia’s students of higher education attend a public or private Islamic university, institute, academy, or polytechnic institute. In fact, it’s one of the nicest countries with the friendliest people that I’ve ever visited. If a university has a religious affiliation, it can cover some of its costs with donations or grants from international religious organizations. Today about 90 percent Indonesians can read and have a grade school education compared to less than 50 percent in the 1960s. Indonesia applies 9 years compulsory study Meanwhile the rate for the lack of teachers at city area is just 21 %. Text Sources: New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Times of London, Lonely Planet Guides, Library of Congress, Compton’s Encyclopedia, The Guardian, National Geographic, Smithsonian magazine, The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Reuters, AP, AFP, Wall Street Journal, The Atlantic Monthly, The Economist, Global Viewpoint (Christian Science Monitor), Foreign Policy, Wikipedia, BBC, CNN, and various books, websites and other publications. Government programs have given resources to those who need help, and there are many positives in the list of Top 10 Facts About Hunger In Indonesia. If you recognize, you study more exact science than physical sport or art during your school life. For example, in the 1950s anyone completing a teacher-training program at the junior high school level could obtain a teacher’s certificate. Indonesia is a vast equatorial archipeago of 17,000 islands extending 5,150 kilometers (3,200 miles) east to west, between the Indian and Pacific Oceans in Southeast Asia. “We are so nervous in facing social and moral problems like teen delinquency that we are turning to irrational religious teachings,” Ms. Only about a third of students complete high school. The New Order regime made great efforts to expand educational opportunities while also influencing the curriculum, controlling student activities, and appointing pliant faculty members to administrative positions. In November, Indonesia’s deputy minister of education, Musliar Kasim, explained that changes in the Indonesian educational system curriculum was an absolute… Unrest has occurred among masses of job applicants who seek to remain in cities but do not find positions commensurate with their view of themselves as graduates. In one school in eastern Jakarta, Muslim students spend 15 to 20 minutes reading the Koran every morning, guided through a public address system, said a teacher at the school, speaking on condition that neither she nor the school be identified, for fear of professional repercussions. Sukarno studied civil engineering there and formed a study club that grew into the Indonesian Nationalist Party. Indonesia has had the highest services, etc., value added > constant LCU since 1979. Indonesia human resources is left behind Malaysia which has 20,3% of college graduates. That is why the government will never be exhausted to always improve the education system to support their human resource. The colonial government limited education to an amount needed to fill positions in the civil service and society of the time. Surprisingly, while the middle economic people like to send their students to school at early age, there are still a million of teens and children could not continue their study. But with the end of the New Order in 1998 and the beginning of the campaign to decentralize the national government, provincial and district-level administrators obtained increasing autonomy in determining the content of schooling, and Pancasila began to play a diminishing role in the curriculum. [Source: Library of Congress *], Indonesia’s institutions of higher education have experienced dramatic growth since independence. Maybe some of you will be quite surprised to know these facts. Before then, public school students and teachers were banned from wearing head veils on school grounds and those who did so could be expelled. The government’s Household Health Survey estimated an illiteracy rate of 7 percent, with more females (10 percent) than males being illiterate (4 percent) and with higher rates in rural (10 percent) than in urban areas (4 percent; Badan Pusat Statistik, 2007b). Among these is the State Muslim University (UIN)—formerly called the State Institute for Islamic Religion (IAIN)—which has been an important venue for progressive debates about Islam. Children do not get sex education properly because Indonesians think talking about sex at an early age is a shame. “Muslim schoolgirls now have to wear a jilbab,” Ms. Dewi said. The high rate of dropped out children from school caused the low index quality education in Indonesia. When the Dutch returned in force, BPTRI dispersed its various schools to other parts of Java. But it does not happen in Indonesia. In 2008 primary and secondary education, both private and public, included: 63,444 kindergartens, 144,228 six-year primary schools, 28,777 junior secondary schools, 10,762 general senior secondary schools, and 7,592 vocational senior secondary schools, enrolling total of 45.4 million students taught by 2.9 million teachers. Term of Use | Privacy Policy | Adchoices | Disclaimer. The vast majority of adults can read and write, a tremendous improvement since Indonesia became independent in 1945. On February 2, 1950, in the wake of the war for independence, the government established a state university in Jakarta called Universiteit Indonesia. Beginning under Guided Democracy (1959–65) and strengthened in the New Order after 1975, a key feature of the national curriculum—as was the case for other national institutions—has been instruction in the Pancasila. Here are 25 facts that you might not know about Indonesia… Fact 1) Jakarta’s Gelora Bung Karno Stadium is one of the largest stadium in the world. Since 2000, for example, courses in “Pancasila Morality” have been known as “Civic Education” and their intensity and propagandistic qualities much reduced. New campuses of the University of Indonesia near Jakarta, and Hasanuddin University near Makassar, for example, were built far from their previous locations at the center of these cities, to curb mobilization and marching. The drop out rate among poor teenagers doubled to 25 percent after the Asian economic crisis. The high rate of dropped out children from school caused the low index quality education in Indonesia. The recognition of honesty toward the student needs improvement. That was one of the main reasons for President Yudhoyono’s triumphant re-election in 2009. One of the most serious problems for graduates with advanced degrees, however, is finding employment suited to their newly acquired education. ^+^, “Andreas Harsono, Indonesia researcher for Human Rights Watch, who is doing a field study on women’s rights in several provinces, says the imposition of Muslim dress code on public-school students and teachers is now widespread, “from kindergarten to high school.”Implementation can vary: “Sometimes it’s based on the school’s own decision, sometimes it’s the district head’s decree, the mayor’s or the governor’s,” Mr. Harsono said. Since the 1970s, however, primary-school teachers have been required to have graduated from a senior high school for teachers, and teachers of higher grades have been required to have completed a university-level education course. *, Participants in Indonesia Mengajar, a programme funded by private corporations and run by prominent university educator Anies Baswedan, are given army survival training before being deployed. Policy Analyst, Rand Corporation wrote: “ in Indonesia could be as! The parents ( for the cost of education are trying to resolve this problem quite!, statistics about education in Indonesia pupils enter at the time of entry is seven, but many enter. Indonesia is on the 69th position of its education Development obtain a teacher ’ triumphant! Cheating while doing a test is normally happen Indonesia parents ( for the physically mentally., Sumatera Utara, Jawa Barat, and honesty corner is now exist at schools teachers... 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